Experimental exploration of nano-phase change material composites for thermal management in Lithium-ion batteries

  • Vishnu M. Department of Mechanical Engineering, St. Joseph’s College of Engineering and Technology, Palai 686579, Kerala, India
  • Anooplal B. Department of Mechanical Engineering, St. Joseph’s College of Engineering and Technology, Palai 686579, Kerala, India
  • Rajesh Baby St.Joseph's College of Engineering and Technology
Ariticle ID: 309
70 Views, 55 PDF Downloads
Keywords: nanomaterials; thermal management; phase change materials; mock up battery


The present study reports an experimental investigation carried out for the thermal management of cylindrical lithium-ion battery simulators using aluminum oxide (nano particle)-eicosane (phase change material) composites. The experiment involves varying the power input from 4 to 10 W in 2 W increments and adjusting the weight percentage of nanoparticles (wt%) from 0.5 to 0.9 in 0.2 wt% intervals. The examination of battery temperature evolutions in response to heating power, a comprehensive heat transfer analysis incorporating the Nusselt number, the determination of the maximum temperature difference, thermal resistance analysis, and the exploration of temperature variations in the absence of Phase Change Material (PCM) are considered. The results show that an increase in the weight percentage of alumina nanoparticles in phase-change material cannot always improve the thermal performance. The results of the present study give guidelines for designing battery thermal management systems. The power levels used in the experiment vary from 4 W to 10 W in steps of 2 W. For a power level of 4 W, the heat flux is 1.088 kW/m2, and for a power level of 10 W, the heat flux is 2.72 kW/m2.


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How to Cite
M., V., B., A., & Baby, R. (2024). Experimental exploration of nano-phase change material composites for thermal management in Lithium-ion batteries. Energy Storage and Conversion, 2(2), 309. https://doi.org/10.59400/esc.v2i2.309