Comprehensive seismic loss model of Tehran, Iran in the case of Mosha fault seismic scenario using stochastic finite-fault method

  • Nazila Kheirkhah Institute of Geophysics, University of Tehran, Tehran 1435944411, Iran
  • Reza Alikhanzadeh International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (IIEES), Tehran 1953714453, Iran
  • Ozhan Musavi International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (IIEES), Tehran 1953714453, Iran
  • Ali Aghajani International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (IIEES), Tehran 1953714453, Iran
  • Erfan Firuzi International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (IIEES), Tehran 1953714453, Iran
Ariticle ID: 470
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Keywords: stochastic finite-fault model; seismic risk; building damages; casualty; Tehran


This paper presents the results of a study caried out to assess probable seismic loss, in term of damage to the residential buildings and the number of fatalities, in the case of Mosha Fault seismic scenario in Tehran, Iran. Accordingly, seismic risk components (including seismic hazard, exposure model and fragility curves) are evaluated. The stochastic finite-fault method with dynamic corner frequency is applied for quantifying ground motion values. The results shows that PGA on the soil surface could range between 0.1 g to 0.45 g. Then, a reliable model of building exposure by analyzing census data from Tehran is compiled. This model included 19 different classes of buildings and is used to evaluate the potential damage to buildings from seismic scenario. The results indicate that the median of damage ratio from 100,000 iterations for the whole of the city is about 6% ± 1.54%. The study found that the central and eastern parts of Tehran are the most vulnerable areas, with an estimated 15,952 residents at risk of losing their lives in this scenario. This is equivalent to 0.2 percent of total population of Tehran. The finding from this study can be used by local authorities to provide appropriate emergency-response and preparedness plans in the case of Mosha Fault seismic scenario.


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How to Cite
Kheirkhah, N., Alikhanzadeh, R., Musavi, O., Aghajani, A., & Firuzi, E. (2024). Comprehensive seismic loss model of Tehran, Iran in the case of Mosha fault seismic scenario using stochastic finite-fault method. Building Engineering, 2(1), 470.