A new canvas of learning: Enhancing formal analysis skills in AP art history through AI-generated Islamic art

  • Krista Carpino Northern Highlands Regional High School, Saint Louis, MO 63139, USA
  • James Hutson Lindenwood University, Saint Charles, MO 63301, USA
Ariticle ID: 1228
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Keywords: AI art generation; AP Art History; Islamic Art and Architecture; formal analysis skills; educational technology


This study explores the use of AI art generators to enhance formal analysis skills in AP Art History students, with a focus on Islamic Art and Architecture. Students, often entering the course with high academic achievements, find the unique challenge of articulating detailed visual descriptions of artworks. The study’s approach involves using AI image-generation websites, like wepik.com, where students create AI images resembling Islamic artworks studied in class. This method aims to refine their descriptive skills, focusing on visual evidence rather than relying on identifying details. The choice of Islamic Art, markedly different from other historical periods covered in the curriculum, is intended to boost retention and learning engagement. The results show that students were more successful in describing architectural artworks compared to two-dimensional narrative pieces, with limited site access and the need for iterative description refinement being key challenges. Successful attempts were marked by precise vocabulary usage and detailed descriptions, resulting in AI images closely matching the original artworks. In contrast, less successful attempts revealed deficiencies in comprehensive and detailed descriptions, particularly in narrative artworks. These outcomes highlight the potential and limitations of AI tools in art history education, suggesting that their effectiveness depends largely on the depth and precision of student inputs. The study not only demonstrates the innovative application of AI in education but also underscores the importance of detailed visual analysis, pointing towards future enhancements in AI-assisted educational methodologies.


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How to Cite
Carpino, K., & Hutson, J. (2024). A new canvas of learning: Enhancing formal analysis skills in AP art history through AI-generated Islamic art. Forum for Education Studies, 2(2), 1228. https://doi.org/10.59400/fes.v2i2.1228